State Law > Georgia > Georgia Wage Payment Law

Georgia Wage Payment Law


Georgia wage payment law is in the sections below of the Georgia Cod e

34-7-1. Pay period

If a contract of employment provides that wages are payable at a stipulated period, the presumption shall arise that the hiring is for such period, provided that, if anything else in the contract indicates that the hiring was for a longer term, the mere reservation of wages for a lesser time will not control. An indefinite hiring may be terminated at will by either party.

34-7-2. Payment

Every person, firm, or corporation, including steam and electric railroads, but not including farming, sawmill, and turpentine industries, employing skilled or unskilled wageworkers in manual, mechanical, or clerical labor, including all employees except officials, superintendents, or other heads or subheads of department who may be employed by the month or year at stipulated salaries, shall make wage and salary payments to such employees or to their authorized representatives (1) by lawful money of the United States, (2) by check, or (3) with the consent of the employee, by authorization of credit transfer to his account with a bank, trust company, or other financial institution authorized by the United States or one of the several states to receive deposits in the United States. Such payments shall be made on such dates during the month as may be decided upon by such person, firm, or corporation; provided, however, that the dates so selected shall be such that the month will be divided into at least two equal periods; and provided, further, that the payments made on each such date shall in every case correspond to the full net amount of wages or earnings due the employees for the period for which the payment is made.


(a) Any order, check, draft, note, or other instrument issued in payment of wages or salary due or to become due must be negotiable and payable in cash, on demand, without discount, at some established place of business in the United States, the name and address of which must appear on the instrument. At the time of issuance of such instrument and for a reasonable time thereafter (which must be at least 30 days), the maker or drawer must have sufficient funds or credit or an arrangement or understanding with the drawee as to its payment.

(b) Where an instrument described in this Code section is protested or dishonored, the notice or memorandum of protest or dishonor is admissible as proof of presentation, nonpayment, and protest and is presumptive evidence of knowledge of insufficiency of funds or credit with the drawee.

34-7-4. Death of employee


(1) Upon the death of any person who was employed by any political subdivision of the state or by any railroad company or other corporation, individual, or partnership doing business in this state, if the deceased employee had wages or other moneys due from such employer, it shall be lawful for such employer to pay all of such sums if they do not exceed $2,500.00, or to pay the sum of $2,500.00 if such sums exceed $2,500.00 or upon the death of any person who was employed by the state, if the deceased employee had wages or other moneys due from the state, it shall be lawful for the state to pay all of such sums, as follows:

(A) In the absence of a beneficiary designated in writing by the employee, then to the employee's surviving spouse;

(B) In the absence of a beneficiary designated in writing by the employee and where the employee left no surviving spouse but left a surviving minor child or children, then to the duly qualified guardian of the minor child or children without any administration upon the estate of the employee; or

(C) Where a beneficiary has been designated in writing by the employee to receive such sums and such beneficiary is under no legal incapacity to prevent him from receiving such sums, then to such beneficiary, or, if such beneficiary is under such legal incapacity, then to his duly qualified guardian.

Such funds to the amount of $2,500.00 shall be exempt from any and all process of garnishment.

(2) It shall be the responsibility of the employee to provide and the responsibility of the employer to request the name and current address of the employee's spouse or, if there is no spouse, the name and current address of each minor child of the employee. If the employee, at his election, designates a beneficiary to receive such sums, such designation shall be in writing, shall include the name and address of such beneficiary, and shall be signed by the employee. The employer shall inform the employee that any sums payable under this Code section may be paid pursuant to the designation made by the employee to a beneficiary, or to the employee's spouse, or to the employee's minor child or children as provided in this Code section and shall request the employee to furnish and keep any such information and designation current. The employer shall not be subject to any penalty for failure to inform and request that the employee furnish such information and designation, or for the failure of the employer to pay such sums in accordance with the provisions of this Code section.

(b) Any employer described in subsection (a) of this Code section may pay over any sums due under subsection (a) of this Code section upon the demand of such designated beneficiary or guardian thereof, or, if no such beneficiary is designated, then upon the demand of the surviving spouse, or, if in the absence of such designated beneficiary and where there is no surviving spouse, upon the demand of the minor child or children or the guardian thereof.

(c) The paying over of any sums due as permitted under subsections (a) and (b) of this Code section to the proper party or parties as set forth in this Code section shall operate as a release from all claims to such sums or as a release from all claims against the state, political subdivision thereof, railroad company, or other corporate, partnership, or individual employer by the estate of the employee, the creditors thereof, the surviving spouse or minor child or children or the guardian thereof, or any other person.

34-7-5. Redemption of indebtedness

Any corporation or person doing business of any kind in this state who shall issue checks or written evidences of indebtedness for the wages of laborers shall redeem at full value, in cash, such written evidences of indebtedness on demand and presentation to the proper person on the regular monthly payday; and, if there shall be no regular monthly payday, then such written evidences shall be redeemed upon demand and presentation on any regular business day after 30 days from the issuance thereof. For every failure to redeem such evidences of indebtedness, such corporation or person shall be liable to the owner thereof in the sum of $10.00, to be recovered by suit, unless the corporation or person shall, upon the trial, prove insolvency or actual inability to redeem at the time of demand and presentation .

34-7-6. Professional employer organization

(a) As used in this Code section, the term "professional employer organization" means an employee leasing company as defined in Code Section 34-8-32 that has established a coemployment relationship with another employer, pays the wages of the employees of the coemployer, reserves a right of direction and control over the employees of the coemployer, and assumes responsibility for the withholding and payment of payroll taxes of the coemployer.

(b) A professional employer organization may collect information to evaluate costs; may obtain life, accident and sickness, disability income, workers' compensation, and other types of insurance coverage; may establish retirement plans; may have other types of employee benefits; and may discuss such benefits with prospective coemployers and their employees.

(c) A coemployer of a professional employer organization shall retain sufficient direction and control over the employees involved in a coemployment relationship as is necessary to conduct its business operations and fulfill its obligations to such employees. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, such coemployer shall be considered to be the sole employer of such employees for licensing purposes, provided that nothing contained in this Code section shall be deemed to prohibit a professional employer organization and its coemployer from agreeing that the professional employer organization shall be considered to be an employer for licensing purposes. The professional employer organization shall give written notice of such an agreement to the appropriate licensing agency and to the employees involved.

(d) It is the intent of this Code section that professional employer organizations shall be considered to be employers under this title and are required to comply with the provisions of Code Sections 34-8-32, 34-8-34, and 34-8-172. Professional employer organizations and their coemployer clients are entitled to exclusive remedy under Code Section 34-9-11.

Sec. 29-5-12. Involuntarily hospitalized employee - wages due.

It shall be lawful upon the involuntary hospitalization, pursuant to Code Sections 37-1-1 and 37-3-1 through 37-3-6 and Articles 2 through 6 of Chapter 3 of Title 37, of any person employed by any person, firm, partnership, governmental unit, or public or private corporation doing business in this state, hereinafter called "employer," who may have wages due him by the employer and who may have a spouse with whom he was living at the time of the order of involuntary hospitalization, to pay to the spouse so much of the wages that exceed any amount due the employer. The funds due the employee after the order of involuntary hospitalization shall be exempt from any and all process of garnishment. The employer is required to pay over the funds on the demand of the spouse upon satisfactory proof that such person is the spouse of the person involuntarily hospitalized and was living with him at the time of the order of involuntary hospitalization. The employer paying over the funds shall be protected and released from all claims whatsoever against the funds by any guardian of the involuntarily hospitalized employee or the creditors of the employee or other claims which may be brought against the funds.

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