Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division Takes Administrative Action to Collect $1.9 Million in Penalties from FLDS Church Bishops for Child Labor Violations

Monday, September 14, 2015

A multi-year investigation by the U.S. Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division revealed that the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, FLDS Church Bishop Lyle Jeffs, Dale Barlow, Brian Jessop, and Paragon Contractors Corp. employed young children illegally to harvest pecans.

The department took administrative action to collect $1.9 million in civil money penalties from Paragon, Jessop and Barlow associated with child labor violations from the 2012-2013 pecan harvest. The department also filed a lawsuit against the church, Jeffs and Barlow seeking back wages, and initiated a contempt of court action against Jessop and Paragon for violating a 2007 court order that restrained them from violating child labor laws.

In its investigation, the Wage and Hour Division found FLDS leaders directed schools in Hildale, Utah, and nearby Colorado City, Ariz., be closed so that children and adult laborers could work collecting pecans. During the 2012-2013 harvest, investigators found that at least 175 children under the age of 13 worked harvesting pecans. At least 1,400 FLDS children and adults worked in the fields for no compensation.

To stop oppressive child labor, secure payment of workers' lawful wages and compel the employers to obey the law, the U.S. Department of Labor has taken a series of actions:

  • Between 2013 and April 2015, the Department of Labor successfully litigated numerous subpoena enforcement actions to investigate the child labor violations committed by Paragon and the FLDS Church when the employers repeatedly refused to provide information.
  • The department filed a lawsuit against the FLDS Church, Jeffs, and Barlow on Sept. 8, 2015, alleging that in 2012 and 2013, these employers violated the minimum wage, overtime, recordkeeping and child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. This action will seek back wages and an injunction against future violations. 
  • The same day, the department also initiated a contempt of court action against Jessop and Paragon for violating a 2007 court order that restrained them from violating child labor laws, by employing children in the pecan harvest. As a remedy for the contempt, that action also seeks back wages for the children and adults who received no pay during the pecan harvest, as well as additional restrictions as part of the injunction. 
  • Finally, the department commenced an administrative action seeking $1.9 million in civil money penalties from Paragon, Jessop, and Barlow. The penalties are associated with the child labor violations from the 2012-2013 pecan harvest. Penalty assessments against the FLDS Church and Jeffs for the same violations have already become final orders of the department, as those parties did not contest the penalties when they were assessed against them.
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